Our Country

Official Name:
Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran
short form: Iran
int’l long form: Islamic Republic of Iran
former: Persia

Capital City: Tehran

Nationality: Iranian(s).
Population: 76 million (2012).

Present Iran was historically referred to as Persia until 1935 when the international community called the country by its native name, Iran. But In 1959 due to controversial debates over the name, it was announced that both could be used.

The First inhabitants of Iran were a race of people living in western Asia. When the Aryans arrived, they gradually started mingling with the old native Asians. Aryans were a branch of the people today known as the Indo-Europeans, and are believed to be the ancestors of the people of present India, Iran, and most of Western Europe.

Recent discoveries indicate that, centuries before the rise of earliest civilizations in Mesopotamia, Iran was inhabited by human. But the written history of Iran dates back to 3200 BC. It begins with the early Achaemenids, The dynasty whose under the first Iranian world empire blossomed.

Cyrus the Great was the founder of the empire and he is the first to establish the charter of human rights. In this period Iran stretched from the Aegean coast of Asia Minor to Afghanistan, as well as south to Egypt.The Achaeamenid Empire was overthrown by Alexander the Great in 330 BC and was followed by The Seleucid Greek Dynasty.

With a long-standing and proud civilization, Persian culture is among the richest in the world. Two and a half millennia of inspiring literature, thousands of poets and writers, magnificent and impressive architecture, live customs dating back to Zoroastrians over 3000 years ago, and other unique characteristics of the nation are rivaled by only a few countries.

Throughout the history, this grand treasure of Persia was gradually transferred to eastern and western nations. Iran’s significant contribution into the world civilization in many respects is indispensable. Many ceremonies of the ancient Persians are the basis of western celebrations.

Among the ceremonies still being held are Norouz, Charshanbeh Suri, Sizdah Bedar, Yalda Night and Haft Sin. Sitting around Haft Sin and reciting Hafez, visiting family and friends during Norouz celebration, night of Charshanbeh Suri and jumping over the bonfire in the hope of getting rid of all illnesses and misfortunes, spending Sizdah Bedar, the 13th day of the New Year, in nature, are old interesting traditions coming from the Achaemenid Empire.

Another eminent feature of Persian culture is art. In fact culture and art are two closely interwoven concepts forming the soul of human civilizations. Persian exquisite carpets, subtle soulful classic music, outstanding tile work of unique blue mosques, old influential architectural style and countless brilliant literary works are famous in the world.

Persian or Farsi, is one of the world’s oldest languages still in use today, and is known to have one of the most powerful literary traditions and potentials. Persian poetry with masterpieces of Saadi, Hafiz, Rumi and Omar Khayyam is well known around the world.As all Persians are quick to point out, Farsi is not related to Arabic, it is a member of the Indo-European family of languages.

One more art intertwined with Persian culture, worth mentioning, is the art of cooking. Persian foods, accompanied by herbs and spices are product of the creativity, skill and patience of many generations of cooks.

Photos belong to irpedia.com and the post has been written in Student Challenge third Step.

5 thoughts on “Our Country

  1. G’day Astaneh,
    What a very informative post! I love the images especially the old buildings. Here in Australia we have only 200 years of white settlement but about 65,000 years of Aboriginal settlement.

  2. Thanks Ms. Sue,

    I’m happy the information were useful for foreigner people. Actually Iranian foods and cooking are another main parts in Iranian culture that I will add many information about this part here later.

    Thanks for your visit

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  5. Hello Astanah,
    I was fascinated to read about your country and its rich history. The architecture is so beautiful. As Miss W has said, Australia has a human history of tens of thousands of years but there are not monuments or literature. There are rock art sites, and archaelogical sites containing stone tools. There is also evidence of how the indigenous use of fire has changed the landscape over the millenia.
    I LOVE Middle Eastern food so I will look forward to reading about it!
    from Ms Norton
    Our class blog (Year 5) is here: http://mnorton.global2.vic.edu.au/

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